# Casino Games and Mathematics – Part 2

Thorp managed to find out that the owners of the gambling houses gave their officers more strict directions with which they should stick to the game. Gamblers of Rest with a Frame-up of a Frame-Up to Prevent Their Direction of Control over Fulfillment, A Chance of which Can’t Be Excluded.

His game strategy of determining a croupier strict rules for assignment is substantially reduced to such a frame-up, but on the other hand, allowed an “advanced” gambler rather than a more adequate disclosure of the strategy and the oppose of it. Formerly a croupier, a gambler does not need to be the first to receive the cards, as well as not as strictly as any strict rules regards his strategy, which is why he can flexibly change his behavior link vào cmd368.

For example, Thorp found out that practically all the gambling houses of the Nevada State croupiers were strictly ordered to keep away from a widow’s case in the amount of points his cards exceeded or were equal to 17, and from a player, our mathematician’s point of view the view did not go to the prospect of a croupier’s strategy for the achievement of even a few aspects of knowledge. Thus, the advantages of having a gambling house from an official (as we already know, he is not obliged to open his cards at the end of the game), can be compensated to a certain degree by a player of knowledge. about the strategic “tunnel vision” of a croupier.

Besides, as Thorp, Thorp, while building his strategy preserved that cards were not often shuffled, in particular, there was a regular game of finishing then there was still a pack of cards left, a croupier did not collect thrown-away The Gamblers cards but dealt with them anew (and the next game was played), and only after a pack of complete exhaustion, an official of a gambling house all the cards, a thoroughly shuffled them and a new “cycle” began. Naturally, if a gambler had a good memory he could change his strategy based on his knowledge of the cards, and what cards could still be counted upon. It is important to remember that a croupier himself who is strictly following the directions of the casino’s owners is practically changing his strategy!

The Thorp set itself is a set of rules that will allow him to calculate the probability of taking one or another card out of an incomplete pack. Knowing These Probabilities A Gambler Could Already Be A Firm Out Of The Most Wrong Without a Widget “A Pip Out”, And Some Of The Basics Of Knowledge Of A Croupier’s Strategy he had, and other gamblers as well. Naturally, as a gambler was to make a decision with regard to a widow very quickly, the probabilities of calculation for the sought-after rules were more than simple for a gambler to use. , nor a pen and paper (even if we suppose that a gambler will be given a chance to do the paper on calculation, it will surely arise suspicion). Edward Thorp managed to solve this mathematical problem by creating a simple packet of calculators with probabilities of taking out one or another card, and using them to build a strategy of twenty-one. to a gambler to considerably increase his chances of winning!

As the Hungarian mathematician A. Reni states a few days after presenting his report on the American Maths Society of 1960 in Washington The trial went well: less than two hours after Thorp won 17,000 dollars.

Needless to say, the owner of a gambling house did not share Thorp and his companion’s pleasures with a trial of a successful comeout and the next day he did his best to prevent Thorp from joining the game. Later on Thorp tried to penetrate into other gambling houses, but the news of him had already spread far and wide, so that all the gambling houses of the doors appeared to him. Thousands of times having an adjusted fake beard or having a make-up of a Chinese, Thorp managed to get to the gaming-table, but in any disguise his constant gain invariably gave him away. Thorp had to refuse from further development of the strategy by “him.” Thoughts “additional checks” were “necessary” only to Enrich the pockets of talented mathematician One could hardly doubt that E.Thorp managed to create a real winning strategy!